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28.Family crest of Shimazu Yoshihisa

Kanji letter “十” inside a circle




Design with a letter “十” surrounded with a circle. “十” is not a Catholic cross, but rather a number 10 in kanji format.

 Why are Japanese family crests circled?

  • Originally there was no circle in this family crest design – it was only a simple letter “十”.
  • But in Edo period a new custom emerged where a family crest with a circle border got printed on formal kimono dresses, which led to the increase in number of family crests with circle borders.

List of Japanese Sengoku-busho's family crest